Turner Syndrome Articles

Turner syndrome occurs in approximately one out of every 2,000 live female births. The syndrome is characterized by the partial or complete absence of one X chromosome. It is reported that more than 50% of cases have a 45,X karyotype. Another 20%-35% have mosaic karyotypes. Other karyotypes include those with various structural abnormalities.

General Health Management

Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Care of Girls and Women with Turner Syndrome

Provides guidelines for the evaluation and treatment of girls and women with Turner syndrome.


Health Supervision for Children with Turner Syndrome

This report is designed to assist the pediatrician in caring for the child in whom the diagnosis of Turner syndrome has been confirmed by karyotyping.

Clinical Care of Adults with Turner Syndrome - New Aspects

This review focuses on the diverse and complex clinical aspects encountered throughout adulthood in TS, including epidemiology, endocrinology, cardiology, gastroenterology, and gynecology.


Turner Syndrome Health and Wellness in the 21st Century

TSSUS sponsored the Turner Resource Network (TRN) meeting of women with TS to exchanged ideas with 30+ clinicians and scientists. 


Cardiovascular Health in Turner Syndrome

A scientific statement from the American Heart Association on clinical practice for girls and women with TS.

Cardiovascular Health in Turner Syndrome Bibliography

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Aortic Dimensions in Turner Syndrome

Knowledge of the size of the aorta is particularly important in conditions that cause aortic dilation.

Various Conditions

Visuospatial Executive Function in Turner Syndrome: Functional MRI and Neurocognitive Findings 

Turner syndrome is typically associated with impairments in visuospatial, but not verbal, information processing. 

Prenatal Diagnosis of Turner Syndrome 

This study was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic value of different sonographic signs of fetuses with Turner syndrome in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy.

Research Support

Turner Syndrome Research Registry Overview

Detailed information about how the TSRR supports TS research. 

Laboratory Guideline for Turner Syndrome 

Provides laboratory guidance for the diagnosis/study of patients with Turner syndrome and its variants.

Association Between Fetal Lymphedema and Congenital Cardiovascular Defects in Turner Syndrome

The objective of this study was to determine whether there is a specific association between a history of fetal lymphedema and CCVDs in  TS, independent of karyotype or general severity of the phenotype.

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Disclaimer- The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this web site is for general information purposes only.

Turner Syndrome Society of the United States  ~  11250 West Rd  Suite G  Houston TX 77065  ~ 1- 800-365-9944  ~    Info@turnersyndrome.org 

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