How Turner syndrome may affect your teeth

Common dental differences in TS include:


  • Baby teeth may appear earlier than usual

  • Permanent teeth may appear earlier than usual 

  • Teeth may become crowded if the jaw is small or the roof of the mouth is narrow

  • Some experience root shortening (shrinking) which may lead to tooth loss, especially during orthodontic treatment

  • Teeth may have thinner enamel

  • Teeth may have abnormal dentin structure (under the enamel)

  • Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums and is common in adults

  • The good news! Cavities are less common

Treatments and Recommendations


Share a copy of page 12 of the Patient/Family version of the TS Clinical Practice Guidelines with your dentist and follow best practices for healthy teeth.


  • Visit a pediatric dentist by age 2

  • Visit an orthodontist around the age of 7

  • Visit a dentist every year for regular teeth cleanings and check-ups

  • A review of your bone density before dental treatments is important and will help determine the best treatment approaches, especially as you age

  • Orthodontic treatment plans may need adjustments related to:

    • a small jaw and/or narrow roof of the mouth

    • timing of treatments due to delayed growth or growth hormones

  • Treatment of tooth misalignment is essential to prevent tooth deformities, teeth-crowding, jaw-muscle spasm, chewing difficulties, breathing obstruction, and disturbed digestion

  • Certain dental procedures may require the use of antibiotics if heart issues are present. Your dentist should refer to the professional version of the TS Clinical Practice Guidelines for information.

  • Protect your teeth's enamel

  • Take care of the dentin under the enamel by removing sources of infection or pain, and following your dentist's treatment recommendations

  • Estrogen is vital to maintaining healthy strong teeth

  • Treat gingivitis, as it may lead to bone loss surrounding the roots of the teeth

TSSUS Young lady with Turner syndrome