Liver Information for Turner Syndrome

Liver Information


According to the TS Clinical Practice Guidelines authors, they recommend:


  • monitoring liver function tests (including AST, ALT, GGT and alkaline phosphatase) yearly throughout the lifespan, starting at age 10 years.  

    • Liver test abnormalities are common and often have no related symptoms but increase by age.

    • High liver enzymes tend to persist or progressively increase and rarely revert to normal yet few progress to life-threatening complications.

    • Risk of cirrhosis is sixfold more than the general population.


  • appropriate timing for the initiation of female hormone replacement therapy (estrogen/ ERT) for improvement of liver function.


Gastroenterologists are specialists that focus on the digestive organs and liver.


A hepatologist is a specialist focused exclusively on the liver.

The following video focuses on general liver health.  All information for your liver health should be discussed with your personal doctor.



(Click on an image

 to download for free)

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Turner Syndrome
Patient and Family version of Turner Syndrome Guidelines
Turner Syndrome know your Body book

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